Guide to Authors


1*Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural and Applied Sciences, Umaru Musa Yar’adua University, Katsina, Nigeria

2 and 3Department of Mathematics, Federal University, Dutse, Nigeria

*E-mail of the corresponding author:



This electronic document is a “live” template. The various components of your paper [title, text, heads, etc.] are already defined on the style sheet, as illustrated by the portions given in this document. The abstract should be between 40 and 400 words, single line spacing and in italics. No formulas, pictures or subsections in the abstract. Font face of the whole document is Book Antiqua, 1.5 line spacing except the abstract which is just 1 line spacing

Keyword: two, three, four or five keywords



This template, created in MS Word 2000/2007/2010 and saved as “Word 97-2000 & 6.0/95 – RTF” for the PC, provides authors with most of the formatting specifications needed for preparing electronic versions of their papers. All standard paper components have been specified for three reasons: (1) ease of use when formatting individual papers, (2) automatic compliance to electronic requirements that facilitate the concurrent or later production of electronic products, and (3) conformity of style throughout a journal publication. Margins, column widths, line spacing, and type styles are built-in; examples of the type styles are provided throughout this document. Some components, such as multi-leveled equations, graphics, and tables are not prescribed, although the various table text styles are provided. The formatter will need to create these components, incorporating the applicable criteria that follow.

Major heading and sub headings

The major headings like introduction, methodology, results, discussions and references are all in upper case. Subheadings are in sentence case i.e. only the first letter is in upper case.


Citations and list of references are in form of APA Style. There are two parts to referencing: the citations within the text of your paper and the reference list at the end of your paper.

The APA referencing style is an “author-date” style, so the citation in the text consists of the author(s) and year of publication given wholly or partly in round brackets.

Use only the surname of the author(s) followed by a comma and the year of publication. Include page, chapter or section numbers if you need to be specific, for example if you are quoting, paraphrasing or summarizing.

No distinction is made between books, journal articles, internet documents or other formats except for electronic documents that do not provide page numbers. In this case use the paragraph number, if available, with the abbreviation para. The full details of the source are given in a reference list at the end of the document:


Place figures, graphs and tables at the top and bottom of columns. Avoid placing them in the middle of columns. Large figures and tables may span across both columns. Figure captions should be below the figures; table heads should appear above the tables. Insert figures and tables after they are cited in the text. Use the “Figure 1 or Table 1”, even at the beginning of a sentence.

Table 2. Tables may span across both columns

Column1 Column2 Column3 Column3
Cell 1 Cell 1 Cell 1 Cell 1
Cell 2 Cell 2 Cell 2 Cell 2
Cell 3 Cell 3 Cell 3 Cell 3
Cell 4 Cell 4 Cell 4 Cell 4


Hanna, K. (2007). Adsorption of aromatic carboxylate compounds on the surface of synthesized iron oxide-coated sands. Applied Geochemistry, 22, 2045-2053.

Kyratsis, A. (2004).Talk and interaction among children and the co-construction of peer groups and peer culture. Annual Review of Anthropology, 33(4), 231-247.

Parker, G., and Roy, K. (2001). Adolescent depression: A review. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 35, 572-580.

Wagini N.H. and Mukhtar F.B. (2014). Anatomy of Striga gesnerioiedes in relation to resistant and susceptible cowpea varieties in Nigeria. KAJONAS 3(2), 57-64.

Zhang, B., Cohen, J., Ferrence, R., & Rehm, J. (2006). The impact of tobacco tax cuts on smoking initiation among Canadian young adults. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 30, 474-479.